The seller will have to get the problem repaired in order to sell the house. Normally these will be safety problems or advanced wear and tear which will mean the likelihood that the buyer will incur major repair expenses in the first few years after the transaction.
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Common problems are roofing, heating, ventilation and air conditioning, termites, plumbing, electrical wiring, etc. Home inspectors will inspect new houses from time to time, but the vast majority of their work involves older homes. Because they are the last line of defense a home buyer has before agreeing to purchase a house, professional inspectors must be highly competent. Watch this video on YouTube. Explore our free Home Inspector review provided by Mometrix. Check out our premium Home Inspector study guide to take your studying to the next level. If you benefit from these materials, just click the link below!
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Mold is a very common type of fungus consisting of microorganisms. Mold is found practically everywhere in small amounts and is generally harmless. When mold spores find moisture inside a house, they can start to grow. As these spores grow, they are released into the air where they can be inhaled. Depending on the person, the inhalation of these spores can cause serious problems. For people that are sensitive to mold spores, symptoms can range from a stuffy nose, irritated throat, coughing, itchy eyes to more serious problems like lung disease or lung infections.
For others that do not have this type of sensitivity, mold spores can have little or no effect. There are certain types of mold spores that tend to flourish in moist indoor environments and create serious trouble for people who are sensitive to them. While there are over , different types of mold, we tend to see only a select few types that create problems in indoor environments. The one we hear the most about is black mold or Stachybotrys Chartarum.
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This is a slow-growing mold that is not commonly found in nature. Health problems from exposure to this mold have been reported as early as the s. In a report from the Centers for Disease Control, several infants in Cleveland, Ohio area became sick and some died from pulmonary hemosiderosis bleeding within the lungs after exposure to high levels of Stachybotrys Chartarum spores. One of the most alarming aspects of black mold is that even dormant or dead spores still contain toxins.
Think of a mold spore like a plant seed.
When you buy those little packets of dried seeds at the store they are in a dormant state. Put the seeds in water and soil and they are no longer dormant and start to grow. Mold spores are similar in that they can exist in a dormant state for long periods of time as well, mold spores in this state are called non-viable.
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The difference is that dormant mold spores still contain toxins which can be potentially dangerous to anyone susceptible to them. If the conditions are right; moisture, warmth, and nourishment, non-viable spores can become viable or active and begin to grow and multiply, increasing in concentration and strength. This creates a more significant reaction to those susceptible and potentially affects more people.
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In addition to the physical effects it has on people, mold can damage your home as well. Mold naturally decomposes organic matter like wood, sheetrock, etc…. Left unattended in a moist environment, mold can do some serious damage. One common example we see is in homes that are built on a crawl space. Wooden floor joists can become wet, attracting mold. If left unattended these joists can begin to rot.
Repair or replacement of these joists can be very expensive. We generally see mold growing in homes as the result of some kind of water leak. The best time to discover you have a mold problem is before you actually live in the house. Home buyers should be very concerned about the existence of mold in any home they are considering purchasing.
The time to establish whether or not there is a mold problem is during the inspection phase of the Steps to Buying a House. While a general home inspector is most likely not going to be licensed to inspect and test for mold, they can look for evidence of its existence during the home inspection.
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The inspector will be looking in the attic and inspecting underneath sinks as well as other areas that are susceptible to water infiltration. These are all areas where mold is most likely to grow and flourish. If the home inspector does find signs of mold, their job is not to identify what types of mold spores are present but to locate the source that is creating the mold.
This means leaking pipes, leaking roofs, etc….